The regional action plan recognizes that many of the most effective actions necessary to tackle the NCD burden lie outside the health sector. Policies in sectors responsible for education, trade, food, alcohol and urban development need to be as much part of action on NCDs as the responses from the health sector.
Pacific island countries ministers of health reaffirmed their support for the vision of Healthy Islands (Yanuca Island Declaration) adopted in 1995 as the unifying statement for health development in the region.
￼Ministers of Health for the Pacific island countries are gravely concerned that the rapid increase in the incidence and prevalence of noncommunicable disease (NCD) in the Pacific island countries and areas over the past decade is responsible for up to 75% of all deaths and a similar percentage of long-term illness and disability, and declared at their 9th Meeting in Honiara, Solomon Islands, on 28–30 June 2011 that the Pacific island countries and areas are in an NCD crisis requiring urgent attention.
A background document on preventing and controlling Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) in the Pacific, circulated June 2014 for consideration by the Joint Forum Economic and Pacific Health Ministers’ Meeting held in July 2014.
This study examined the toxicity of six Gambierdiscus species (Gambierdiscus belizeanus, Gambierdiscus caribaeus, Gambierdiscus carolinianus, Gambierdiscus carpenteri, Gambierdiscus ribotype 2 and Gambierdiscus ruetzleri) using a human erythrocyte lysis assay.
Ciguatera is a tropical disease caused by seafood poisoning, for which the duration of symptoms remains to be determined. The objectives of this prospective study were to determine the prevalence of symptoms at different time points and to identify factors associated with chronic symptoms observed in adults suffering from this disease.
Based on epidemiological data available through long-term monitoring surveys conducted by both the Public Health Directorate and the Louis Malardé Institute, ciguatera is highly endemic in French Polynesia, most notably in Raivavae (Australes) which appears as a hot spot of ciguatera with an average incidence rate of 140 cases/10,000 population for the period 2007–2008.
The European Commission is mobilising €10 million for urgently needed research on the Zika virus in response to the upsurge in cases of severe congenital brain malformations across Latin America, and their suspected link to Zika virus infections. If the link is proven, this money could be used to combat the Zika virus, for example, by developing diagnostics and testing potential treatments or vaccines.